Diabetes is one of the deadliest diseases because it kills us slowly and it affects the rest of our organs in the body. And diabetes is associated with blood sugar. So, how do we reduce our blood sugar (cara menurunkan gula darah)?
So let’s go deeper by understanding diabetes and our blood sugar. Now according to The Diabetes Council, there are symptoms to watch out for when you suspect that your blood sugar is increasing.
Symptoms of high blood sugar include:
- Increased thirst
- Tired all the time
- Increased hunger
- Urinating a lot
- Dry mouth
- Blurred vision
- Severe high blood sugar can lead to nausea and fruity smelling breath
The signs and symptoms of high blood sugar are the same for both type 1 and type 2. Signs usually show up quicker in those who have type 1 because of the nature of their diabetes. Type 1 is an autoimmune disease that causes the body to stop making insulin altogether. Type 2 is caused by lifestyle factors when the body eventually stops responding to insulin, which causes the sugar to increase slowly. People with type 2 can live longer without any symptoms creeping because their body is still making enough insulin to help control it a little bit.
What causes blood sugar levels to go too high?
Our bodies need sugar to make energy for the cells. Without it, we cannot do basic functions. When we eat foods with glucose, insulin pairs with it to allow it to enter into the cell wall. If the insulin is not there, then the glucose molecule can’t get through the wall and cannot be used. The extra glucose hangs out in the bloodstream which is literally high blood sugar.
The lack of insulin can be caused by two different things.
First, you can have decreased insulin resistance which means that your insulin doesn’t react the way that it is supposed to. It doesn’t partner with glucose to be used as fuel.
Secondly, you can have no insulin, which is the case with type 1 diabetes.
Regardless of how it is caused, it is imperative to control blood sugars to help prevent problems.
What impacts on your health does high blood sugar have?
Having extra sugar in your bloodstream can be very harmful to the vessels in your body, as well as some major organs. Complications of diabetes include and are not limited to:
- Decreased kidney function which could eventually lead to dialysis
- Problems with your eyes which could lead to loss of vision
- Neuropathy (loss of feeling or pain in your legs)
- Poor wound healing which could lead to an amputation
- Increased risk of heart disease and stroke
These complications are not caused by a spike in the blood sugar. They are caused by an increased number of high blood sugar events over a period of time. Do not think that one or two high blood sugars are going to cause you to go blind. However, it is important to know what caused those high sugars so that you can prevent it from happening again. Hemoglobin A1C levels are checked to see what the average blood sugar has been over the past 120 days. Your doctor will check this to see if how your blood sugar levels have been trending.
How can I prevent high blood sugar from happening?
There are only a few things that can prevent hyperglycemia.
- A good diet
- Decreased stress
- Adequate sleep
Always talk to your doctor before making any changes to your diet or exercise regimen.
Check your blood sugar levels!
It is important that you check your blood sugar levels on a regular basis. It is the one way that you are able to check and see if what you are doing is working, or if any changes are needed to be made in your lifestyle. Don’t think of checking your sugar as some type of pass or fail the test. It’s just like any other numerical value that you get, such as your weight. You may not like what you see, but you can always do your best to improve it.
With that said, do you suspect you have high blood sugar? If so, and if you already are a diabetes sufferer, do you know, how do we reduce our blood sugar (cara menurunkan gula darah)?